These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download. If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.
These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.
New – October 2017
Learning disabilities (96.2 KiB, 2,155 hits)
Articulation (219.2 KiB, 2,178 hits)
Dysarthria (219.8 KiB, 1,905 hits)
Lisp (217.6 KiB, 1,791 hits)
Tongue-tie (213.6 KiB, 1,682 hits)
Aphasia in children (216.8 KiB, 1,666 hits)
Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (234.7 KiB, 41,362 hits)
Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (219.7 KiB, 10,587 hits)
Selective mutism (91.1 KiB, 12,991 hits)
Autistic spectrum disorders (222.3 KiB, 9,783 hits)
Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (91.3 KiB, 7,213 hits)
Asperger's syndrome (215.9 KiB, 7,723 hits)
Stammering (223.9 KiB, 9,246 hits)
Higher level language disorder (201.1 KiB, 12,487 hits)
Speech disorders (108.5 KiB, 14,455 hits)
Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (240.7 KiB, 33,610 hits)
Inconsistent speech disorder (102.2 KiB, 11,760 hits)
Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (252.7 KiB, 26,253 hits)
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (99.6 KiB, 6,757 hits)
Epilepsy and communication (91.5 KiB, 13,612 hits)
Working memory (97.2 KiB, 13,364 hits)
Short-term memory (89.9 KiB, 13,016 hits)
Long-term memory (90.3 KiB, 8,213 hits)
Bilingualism (125.0 KiB, 12,040 hits)
Auditory Processing Disorder (216.1 KiB, 2,878 hits)
Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (215.9 KiB, 2,397 hits)
Executive Function (201.7 KiB, 2,244 hits)
Cluttering (212.2 KiB, 2,252 hits)
Speech and Language Needs (218.4 KiB, 3,017 hits)
Dyspraxia/apraxia (44.0 KiB, 1,710 hits)
New Terminology for Language Difficulties
A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.
New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 7,355 hits)
Difficulties and disorders
Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.
Parent case study – selective mutism
Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 3,803 hits)
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams
Developmental verbal dyspraxia (109.4 KiB, 11,622 hits)
Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers
Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 5,833 hits)
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below.
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 7,536 hits)
There is also a short summary
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 22,970 hits)