Afasic - free downloads for children with problems talking and understanding what others say

These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download.  If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.

Glossary Sheets

These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.

New – October 2017

Learning disabilities (260.8 KiB, 1,439 hits)

Articulation (1.2 MiB, 1,412 hits)

Dysarthria (1.2 MiB, 1,210 hits)

Lisp (1.2 MiB, 1,172 hits)

Tongue-tie (1.2 MiB, 1,082 hits)

Aphasia in children (1.2 MiB, 1,084 hits)


Updated 2016/17

Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (1.2 MiB, 37,853 hits)

Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (1.2 MiB, 9,850 hits)

Selective mutism (257.3 KiB, 11,881 hits)

Autistic spectrum disorders (1.2 MiB, 8,859 hits)

Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (259.7 KiB, 6,557 hits)

Asperger's syndrome (1.2 MiB, 7,087 hits)

Stammering (221.2 KiB, 8,384 hits)

Higher level language disorder (1.2 MiB, 11,420 hits)

Speech disorders (108.6 KiB, 13,336 hits)

Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 31,154 hits)

Inconsistent speech disorder (268.4 KiB, 9,443 hits)

Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 24,158 hits)

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (101.4 KiB, 6,181 hits)

Epilepsy and communication (257.2 KiB, 12,352 hits)

Working memory (261.5 KiB, 12,581 hits)

Short-term memory (255.7 KiB, 12,314 hits)

Long-term memory (256.4 KiB, 7,634 hits)

Bilingualism (283.9 KiB, 10,525 hits)

Auditory Processing Disorder (1.2 MiB, 2,157 hits)

Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (1.2 MiB, 1,876 hits)

Executive Function (1.2 MiB, 1,768 hits)

Cluttering (1.2 MiB, 1,683 hits)

Speech and Language Needs (1.2 MiB, 2,247 hits)

Dyspraxia/apraxia (30.4 KiB, 1,109 hits)

New Terminology for Language Difficulties

A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.

New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 5,575 hits)


Difficulties and disorders

Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.

Parent case study – selective mutism

Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 2,251 hits)


Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams

Developmental verbal dyspraxia (180.5 KiB, 10,470 hits)


Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers

Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 4,644 hits)


Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below. 

Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 3,173 hits)

There is also a short summary

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 20,254 hits)