Afasic - free downloads for children with problems talking and understanding what others say

These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download.  If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.

Glossary Sheets

These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.

New – October 2017

Learning disabilities (96.2 KiB, 1,582 hits)

Articulation (219.2 KiB, 1,590 hits)

Dysarthria (219.8 KiB, 1,347 hits)

Lisp (217.6 KiB, 1,317 hits)

Tongue-tie (213.6 KiB, 1,208 hits)

Aphasia in children (216.8 KiB, 1,198 hits)


Updated 2016/17

Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (234.7 KiB, 38,860 hits)

Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (219.7 KiB, 9,992 hits)

Selective mutism (91.1 KiB, 12,140 hits)

Autistic spectrum disorders (222.3 KiB, 9,048 hits)

Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (91.3 KiB, 6,707 hits)

Asperger's syndrome (215.9 KiB, 7,191 hits)

Stammering (223.9 KiB, 8,551 hits)

Higher level language disorder (201.1 KiB, 11,658 hits)

Speech disorders (108.5 KiB, 13,550 hits)

Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (240.7 KiB, 31,696 hits)

Inconsistent speech disorder (102.2 KiB, 9,847 hits)

Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (252.7 KiB, 24,664 hits)

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (99.6 KiB, 6,278 hits)

Epilepsy and communication (91.5 KiB, 12,653 hits)

Working memory (97.2 KiB, 12,716 hits)

Short-term memory (89.9 KiB, 12,450 hits)

Long-term memory (90.3 KiB, 7,733 hits)

Bilingualism (125.0 KiB, 10,843 hits)

Auditory Processing Disorder (216.1 KiB, 2,301 hits)

Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (215.9 KiB, 1,979 hits)

Executive Function (201.7 KiB, 1,870 hits)

Cluttering (212.2 KiB, 1,800 hits)

Speech and Language Needs (218.4 KiB, 2,418 hits)

Dyspraxia/apraxia (44.0 KiB, 1,204 hits)

New Terminology for Language Difficulties

A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.

New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 5,913 hits)


Difficulties and disorders

Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.

Parent case study – selective mutism

Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 2,607 hits)


Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams

Developmental verbal dyspraxia (109.4 KiB, 10,797 hits)


Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers

Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 4,996 hits)


Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below. 

Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 4,026 hits)

There is also a short summary

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 20,871 hits)