These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download. If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.
These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.
New – October 2017
Learning disabilities (96.2 KiB, 1,913 hits)
Articulation (219.2 KiB, 1,930 hits)
Dysarthria (219.8 KiB, 1,665 hits)
Lisp (217.6 KiB, 1,595 hits)
Tongue-tie (213.6 KiB, 1,485 hits)
Aphasia in children (216.8 KiB, 1,444 hits)
Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (234.7 KiB, 40,441 hits)
Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (219.7 KiB, 10,309 hits)
Selective mutism (91.1 KiB, 12,615 hits)
Autistic spectrum disorders (222.3 KiB, 9,431 hits)
Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (91.3 KiB, 6,972 hits)
Asperger's syndrome (215.9 KiB, 7,469 hits)
Stammering (223.9 KiB, 8,921 hits)
Higher level language disorder (201.1 KiB, 12,086 hits)
Speech disorders (108.5 KiB, 14,059 hits)
Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (240.7 KiB, 32,888 hits)
Inconsistent speech disorder (102.2 KiB, 10,926 hits)
Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (252.7 KiB, 25,610 hits)
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (99.6 KiB, 6,515 hits)
Epilepsy and communication (91.5 KiB, 13,210 hits)
Working memory (97.2 KiB, 13,064 hits)
Short-term memory (89.9 KiB, 12,761 hits)
Long-term memory (90.3 KiB, 7,989 hits)
Bilingualism (125.0 KiB, 11,543 hits)
Auditory Processing Disorder (216.1 KiB, 2,616 hits)
Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (215.9 KiB, 2,191 hits)
Executive Function (201.7 KiB, 2,061 hits)
Cluttering (212.2 KiB, 2,037 hits)
Speech and Language Needs (218.4 KiB, 2,787 hits)
Dyspraxia/apraxia (44.0 KiB, 1,462 hits)
New Terminology for Language Difficulties
A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.
New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 6,734 hits)
Difficulties and disorders
Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.
Parent case study – selective mutism
Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 3,360 hits)
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams
Developmental verbal dyspraxia (109.4 KiB, 11,326 hits)
Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers
Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 5,486 hits)
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below.
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 6,013 hits)
There is also a short summary
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 21,997 hits)