These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download. If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.
These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.
New – October 2017
Learning disabilities (260.8 KiB, 1,365 hits)
Articulation (1.2 MiB, 1,323 hits)
Dysarthria (1.2 MiB, 1,142 hits)
Lisp (1.2 MiB, 1,080 hits)
Tongue-tie (1.2 MiB, 1,007 hits)
Aphasia in children (1.2 MiB, 1,024 hits)
Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (1.2 MiB, 37,154 hits)
Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (1.2 MiB, 9,771 hits)
Selective mutism (257.3 KiB, 11,737 hits)
Autistic spectrum disorders (1.2 MiB, 8,773 hits)
Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (259.7 KiB, 6,460 hits)
Asperger's syndrome (1.2 MiB, 6,998 hits)
Stammering (221.2 KiB, 8,289 hits)
Higher level language disorder (1.2 MiB, 11,301 hits)
Speech disorders (108.6 KiB, 13,209 hits)
Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 30,668 hits)
Inconsistent speech disorder (268.4 KiB, 9,300 hits)
Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 23,882 hits)
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (101.4 KiB, 6,118 hits)
Epilepsy and communication (257.2 KiB, 12,079 hits)
Working memory (261.5 KiB, 12,480 hits)
Short-term memory (255.7 KiB, 12,194 hits)
Long-term memory (256.4 KiB, 7,561 hits)
Bilingualism (283.9 KiB, 10,333 hits)
Auditory Processing Disorder (1.2 MiB, 2,065 hits)
Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (1.2 MiB, 1,806 hits)
Executive Function (1.2 MiB, 1,710 hits)
Cluttering (1.2 MiB, 1,621 hits)
Speech and Language Needs (1.2 MiB, 2,138 hits)
Dyspraxia/apraxia (30.4 KiB, 1,056 hits)
New Terminology for Language Difficulties
A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.
New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 5,302 hits)
Difficulties and disorders
Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.
Parent case study – selective mutism
Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 2,062 hits)
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams
Developmental verbal dyspraxia (180.5 KiB, 10,232 hits)
Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers
Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 4,398 hits)
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below.
Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 2,573 hits)
There is also a short summary
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.
Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 19,809 hits)