Afasic - free downloads for children with problems talking and understanding what others say

These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download.  If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.

Glossary Sheets

These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.

New – October 2017

Learning disabilities (260.8 KiB, 1,262 hits)

Articulation (1.2 MiB, 1,205 hits)

Dysarthria (1.2 MiB, 1,050 hits)

Lisp (1.2 MiB, 979 hits)

Tongue-tie (1.2 MiB, 916 hits)

Aphasia in children (1.2 MiB, 939 hits)


Updated 2016/17

Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (1.2 MiB, 36,564 hits)

Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (1.2 MiB, 9,670 hits)

Selective mutism (257.3 KiB, 11,593 hits)

Autistic spectrum disorders (1.2 MiB, 8,648 hits)

Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (259.7 KiB, 6,360 hits)

Asperger's syndrome (1.2 MiB, 6,900 hits)

Stammering (221.2 KiB, 8,190 hits)

Higher level language disorder (1.2 MiB, 11,177 hits)

Speech disorders (108.6 KiB, 13,065 hits)

Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 30,306 hits)

Inconsistent speech disorder (268.4 KiB, 9,194 hits)

Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 23,598 hits)

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (101.4 KiB, 6,022 hits)

Epilepsy and communication (257.2 KiB, 11,915 hits)

Working memory (261.5 KiB, 12,355 hits)

Short-term memory (255.7 KiB, 12,074 hits)

Long-term memory (256.4 KiB, 7,490 hits)

Bilingualism (283.9 KiB, 10,191 hits)

Auditory Processing Disorder (1.2 MiB, 1,966 hits)

Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (1.2 MiB, 1,733 hits)

Executive Function (1.2 MiB, 1,637 hits)

Cluttering (1.2 MiB, 1,544 hits)

Speech and Language Needs (1.2 MiB, 2,025 hits)

Dyspraxia/apraxia (30.4 KiB, 972 hits)

New Terminology for Language Difficulties

A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.

New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 5,029 hits)


Difficulties and disorders

Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.

Parent case study – selective mutism

Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 1,891 hits)


Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams

Developmental verbal dyspraxia (180.5 KiB, 9,985 hits)


Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers

Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 4,231 hits)


Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below. 

Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 1,818 hits)

There is also a short summary

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 19,431 hits)