Afasic - free downloads for children with problems talking and understanding what others say

These information sheets explain the terms used to describe various speech and language impairments.
They are FREE to download.  If you need advice or support about your child’s talking or understanding skills, then please contact our Helpline.

Glossary Sheets

These information sheets have been updated and revised during 2016 and 2017.

New – October 2017

Learning disabilities (260.8 KiB, 1,433 hits)

Articulation (1.2 MiB, 1,404 hits)

Dysarthria (1.2 MiB, 1,204 hits)

Lisp (1.2 MiB, 1,163 hits)

Tongue-tie (1.2 MiB, 1,073 hits)

Aphasia in children (1.2 MiB, 1,078 hits)


Updated 2016/17

Developmental language disorder - (previously Specific language impairment) (1.2 MiB, 37,775 hits)

Dyslexia/specific learning difficulty (1.2 MiB, 9,839 hits)

Selective mutism (257.3 KiB, 11,862 hits)

Autistic spectrum disorders (1.2 MiB, 8,848 hits)

Alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) (259.7 KiB, 6,548 hits)

Asperger's syndrome (1.2 MiB, 7,077 hits)

Stammering (221.2 KiB, 8,374 hits)

Higher level language disorder (1.2 MiB, 11,409 hits)

Speech disorders (108.6 KiB, 13,325 hits)

Language disorder: Expressive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 31,124 hits)

Inconsistent speech disorder (268.4 KiB, 9,427 hits)

Language disorder: Receptive language disorder (1.2 MiB, 24,134 hits)

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (101.4 KiB, 6,175 hits)

Epilepsy and communication (257.2 KiB, 12,313 hits)

Working memory (261.5 KiB, 12,571 hits)

Short-term memory (255.7 KiB, 12,302 hits)

Long-term memory (256.4 KiB, 7,625 hits)

Bilingualism (283.9 KiB, 10,510 hits)

Auditory Processing Disorder (1.2 MiB, 2,149 hits)

Social-Emotional-Behavioural Difficulties (1.2 MiB, 1,870 hits)

Executive Function (1.2 MiB, 1,760 hits)

Cluttering (1.2 MiB, 1,677 hits)

Speech and Language Needs (1.2 MiB, 2,239 hits)

Dyspraxia/apraxia (30.4 KiB, 1,103 hits)

New Terminology for Language Difficulties

A summary of the recommendations made by the CATALISE panel of international experts, written by Susan Ebbels, a specialist SLT at Moor House School.

New Terminology for Language Difficulties - November 2016 (754.4 KiB, 5,548 hits)


Difficulties and disorders

Useful reading about various speech and language difficulties with in depth analysis, examples and case studies.

Parent case study – selective mutism

Parent story - my daughter and selective mutism (166.8 KiB, 2,232 hits)


Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia
by Pam Williams

Developmental verbal dyspraxia (180.5 KiB, 10,441 hits)


Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries?
by Professor Dorothy Bishop
This 18 page document looks at the varying forms of language disorders and behavioural difficulties.
Reproduced by kind permission from publishers

Autism, Asperger's Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder (163.0 KiB, 4,621 hits)


Social Communication Disorder (SCD) DSM-5 (Semantic Pragmatic Disorder)
by Margo Sharp
This new (2018) paper updates and expands on the Semantic Pragmatic Disorder article below. 

Social Communication Disorder (SCD) by Margo Sharp (189.5 KiB, 3,121 hits)

There is also a short summary

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder
by Margo Sharp
This 18 page document takes an in depth look at Semantic Pragmatic Disorder with a list of tell-tale signs in various age groups of children.

Semantic Pragmatic Disorder by Margo Sharp (159.4 KiB, 20,221 hits)